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Sid Israel

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As we are becoming more aware of our human consumption and where our products and material goods are coming from, the global movement of fair trade organizations has been expanding throughout our daily lives. It is very important to support the fair trade of workers and producers in developing countries, in order to halt inhumane treatment of the working class in third world societies as well as horrific exploitation of child labor, slavery and human trafficking. Below is a list of organizations renowned for their practice of fair trade, whether it is in fashion, coffee & cacao production, farming & agriculture, textiles, and women’s rights etc:

ACHOTI: ACHOTI

Achoti (Sister) - for Women in Israel was founded by feminist social activists who recognized the need to set topics of social justice at the center of the public discourse and to enhance women’s solidarity with women from disempowered socioeconomic classes. Achoti is a Mizrahi  feminist organization based on the principles that established Feminism of Color, which address the needs of women who are not a part of society’s social hegemonic culture. The Achoti Movement is a pioneer in the work of setting an alternative agenda within Israel and facilitates nationwide grassroots projects with the explicit goal of supporting cooperatives of women in unique and innovative strategies of income generation. Through Achoti’s empowerment strategies, economically disadvantaged women are encouraged to develop self-organizational skills, organize community cooperatives and/or partnerships, and develop new and creative ways of earning money. Achoti addresses issues of economic rights and social justice of women and gives priority to the development of strategies to respond to the escalating economic crisis.  Women suffer disproportionately from the deepening of the recession and the rise of unemployment in Israel. Achoti’s target population consists of women ranging in ages from 19-75 from disadvantaged and low-income communities in the cultural and geographic peripheries across Israel. Achoti supports groups of non-working and underemployed women on the margins of Israeli society, in their endeavors for economic dependence and the development of business partnerships. Achoti believes that once all women have means and access to practical and theoretical resources, then women will be able to self-empower themselves and become strong leaders within their families, community and society as a whole.  Achoti offers cooperatives, courses, lectures, workshops to build upon the women’s already exiting skills and transform their ‘domestic skills’ into profitable trades and products.

http://www.achoti.com/

AGRICULTURE JUSTICE PROJECT:

AGRICULTURE JUSTICE PROJECT

Food Justice Certified is based on the AJP standards which were developed specifically for North American food system operations. Many social justice labels in the marketplace today, such as Fair Trade, have been developed to meet the needs of small farmers in the southern hemisphere selling to buyers in the northern hemisphere. Food Justice Certified brings the concept of fair trade to the domestic setting.

The AJP standards were developed with extensive input from stakeholders, including farmworkers, food system workers, farmers, certifiers, processors/manufacturers, retailers, and representatives of indigenous populations. Our highly participatory method for creating this program has allowed us to find the gold standard for social justice in our food system that is functional and achievable for all business types.

fairworldproject.org

BARBOSA:

Barbosa Fair Trade is an organization recognized by the Dutch Association of World Shops, Dachverband (Germany) and the World Fair Trade Organisation (WFTO) as an importer of Fair Trade products from South America. Barbosa Fair Trade imports various products made by small scale producers in Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Peru paying a fair price to the workers producing the goods. Absolutely no child labour was used to produce the articles, and the production is prefinanced. Barbosa Fair Trade supports local employment. The profit being made is spent on eduction and employment projects. Barbosa Fair Trade aims to encourage the legitimate buying and selling of South American fair-trade products. This is accomplished through a long-term and continuous commitment to its producers. The profits are used for the improvement of living and working conditions, health, welfare, and future perspectives of the producers. The producers receive fair and liveable pay for the products, with which they can adequately provide for their living according to local standards. Barbosa Fair Trade primarily works with small-scale producers, and aims to continually improve working and living standards.

http://www.barbosa.nl/

CAMINO:

CAMINO

Camino is a Canadian brand of fair trade and organic food products, owned by La Siembra Co-operative, based in the Ottawa-Gatineau region. Established in 1999, La Siembra Co-operative became the first registered importers of Fairtrade Certified cocoa and sugar in North America and today works directly with 18 producer co-ops, supporting more than 36,000 family farmers in 9 countries.

http://www.lasiembra.com/camino/en/a-canadian-story

CLAC:

CLAC

CLAC is the Latin American Network that gathers and represents all Fair trade certified small producers’ organizations and workers associations, as other fair trade small producers’ organization in Latin America and the Caribbean.

We represent and promote the strength and development of organizations of small producers and workers who are organized democratically, in line with Fair Trade principles and values.We facilitate assistance to producers and workers, we promote their products and values, and we work to exert influence in social, political and economic entities.

CLAC is an organization with operational capacity, providing assistance and training to base-level organizations. Organizationally strengthened, with effective participation by the stakeholders in its structure. Working to impact the entities that generate development and trade policies, and to position our organization at local and international levels.

Achieving the differentiation and promotion of the products of our small producers.

http://clac-comerciojusto.org/en/what-is-clac/mission-and-vision/

DEANS BEANS:

DEANS BEANS

All of our fine whole bean specialty coffees are certified organic, fair trade, and kosher, and are roasted in small batches at our beanery in Orange, MA. We know that the planting, care, harvesting and processing of the beans is done in conformity with international standards for the health of the farmer and their environment, as well as the high quality of the bean. The vast use of pesticides in coffee production has serious impact on the ecology of the coffee-growing world and the health of farm communities. Our commitment to only purchase shade grown coffees supports healthy environments for coffee growers and protects critical migratory bird habitat. It is important to us that the quality of our coffees includes respect for the quality of life of our southern partners in the coffee world. And that respect translates into superb tasting coffee for your pleasure.

https://deansbeans.com/mission

DONNA KARAN HAITI COLLECTION:

DONNA KARAN HAITI COLLECTION

Donna Karan was first introduced to Haiti by her inspiration, President Bill Clinton, and the Clinton Global Initiative. Instead of seeing the country’s devastation following the earthquake, Donna saw Haiti’s potential through the eyes of creativity and the spirit of its people. She immediately galvanized the design community and fashion world as part of her commitment to tell Haiti’s story through a new lens.

The Haiti Artisan project, founded by Donna Karan, promotes economic development through job creation and vocational education, helps raise awareness and highlights the creativity of Haiti’s artisans. Ten percent of net proceeds from the Haiti Artisan Project support our foundation’s efforts in Haiti.

http://urbanzen.org/haiti-artisan-project/

ECOCERT:

ECOCERT

ECOCERT is an inspection and certification body established in France in 1991 by agronomists aware of the need to develop environmentally friendly agriculture and of the importance of offering some form of recognition to those committed to this method of production.

From its creation, ECOCERT is specialized in the certification of organic agricultural products. ECOCERT contributed to the expansion of organic farming in the 1990s by helping to draw up French and European regulations. Still very involved in promoting organic farming, Ecocert today works with French and international institutions in supporting project development. By winning the confidence of professionals and consumers, ECOCERT has become a benchmark in organic certification worldwide.

http://www.ecocert.org/en

ECOSALON:

We write about products that are earth-friendly and socially responsible. We believe it’s important to celebrate technological development, innovation and fair trade in addition to eco-friendly materials and green design. We do not accept payment for the products we recommend, although on rare occasions we may publish sponsored articles from brands aligned with our values (and when that happens, we disclose it fully). If you have a story idea or product of merit – or if you’re a designer or artist – feel free to drop us a line.

http://ecosalon.com/

EFTA:

EFTA

EFTA (the European Fair Trade Association) is an association of ten Fair Trade importers in nine European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom). EFTA was established informally in 1987 by some of the oldest and largest Fair Trade importers. It gained formal status in 1990. EFTA is based in the Netherlands and has Dutch Articles of Association.The aim of EFTA is to support its member organizations in their work and to encourage them to cooperate and coordinate. It facilitates the exchange of information and networking, it creates conditions for labor division and it identifies and develops joint projects. It does this, among others, by organizing meetings of the members (on food, handicrafts, marketing, managers) and by circulating relevant information to them. It is also maintaining a database of EFTA suppliers, called Fairdata, which contains details on suppliers and their products.

http://www.european-fair-trade-association.org/efta/index.php

EQUAL EXCHANGE:

EQUAL EXCHANGE

Equal Exchange's mission is to build long-term trade partnerships that are economically just and environmentally sound, to foster mutually beneficial relationships between farmers and consumers and to demonstrate, through our success, the contribution of worker co-operatives and Fair Trade to a more equitable, democratic and sustainable world. In 1986, Equal Exchange was founded to challenge the existing trade model, which favors large plantations, agri-business, and multi-national corporations; support small farmers; and connect consumers and producers through information, education, and the exchange of products in the marketplace. With our founding, we joined a growing movement of small farmers, alternative traders (ATOs), religious organizations, and non-profits throughout the world with like-minded principles and objectives. Underlying our work is the belief that only through organization, can small farmers survive and thrive. The cooperative model has been essential for building this model of change.

http://equalexchange.coop/

FAIR TRADE AFRICA:

FAIR TRADE AFRICA

Established in 2005, Fairtrade Africa is the independent non-profit umbrella organisation representing all Fairtrade certified producers in Africa. Fairtrade Africa is owned by its members, who are African producer organisations certified against international Fairtrade standards producing traditional export commodities such as coffee, cocoa, tea, cotton, bananas, mango and non-traditional commodities including shea butter and rooibos tea. Currently, the organisation represents over 932,000 producers across 32 countries in Africa.

http://www.fairtradeafrica.net/about-us/who-we-are/

FAIR TRADE JUDAICA:

Fair Trade Judaica is a nonprofit organization building a Fair Trade movement in the American Jewish community.    They provide educational resources through their website and community presentations; work with fair trade artisans to design new Judaica products; and help bring those products to consumers through fairs and outreach to Judaica/synagogues/fair trade stores.

Their Judaica products include Jewish Blessing Flags, and a variety of other products in collaboration with fair trade businesses.

Fair Trade Judaica is a proud member of the Fair Trade Federation.

Fair Trade Judaica wholesales their products, provides on-line purchasing,  and serves as a wholesale representative for five fair trade businesses.

fairtradejudaica.org

FAIR TRADE FEDERATION:

FAIR TRADE FEDERATION

The Fair Trade Federation is the trade association that strengthens and promotes North American organizations fully committed to fair trade. The Federation is part of the global fair trade movement, building equitable and sustainable trading partnerships and creating opportunities to alleviate poverty. The Federation envisions a just and sustainable global economic system in which purchasing and production choices are made with concern for the well-being of people and the environment, creating a world where all people have viable economic options to meet their own needs. We seek to alleviate poverty by continually and significantly expanding the practice of trade that values the labor and dignity of all people.

http://www.fairtradefederation.org/

FAIR TRADE USA:

FAIR TRADE USA

We seek to empower family farmers and workers around the world, while enriching the lives of those struggling in poverty. Rather than creating dependency on aid, we use a market-based approach that empowers farmers to get a fair price for their harvest, helps workers create safe working conditions, provides a decent living wage and guarantees the right to organize. Through direct, equitable trade, farming and working families are able to eat better, keep their kids in school, improve health and housing, and invest in the future. Keeping families, local economies, the natural environment, and the larger community strong today and for generations to come; these are the results we seek through Fair Trade.

http://fairtradeusa.org/about-fair-trade-usa/mission

FAIR WORLD PROJECT:

FAIR WORLD PROJECT

Fair World Project (FWP) is an independent campaign of the Organic Consumers Association which seeks to protect the use of the term “fair trade” in the marketplace, expand markets for authentic fair trade, educate consumers about key issues in trade and agriculture, advocate for policies leading to a just economy, and facilitate collaborative relationships to create true system change. Fair World Project was initially launched by the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) in 2010 with an emphasis on promoting fair trade in commerce, especially in organic production systems, and protecting the term “fair trade” from dilution and misuse for mere PR purposes, as conscious consumers expand the market for fairly traded products. While still guided by the principles of fair trade, we have expanded our mission to include labor justice, sweat-free apparel and family-scale farming that does not fit the traditional fair trade model. This expanded approach reflects the recognition that a just economy will not be achieved through a single model alone.

http://fairworldproject.org/

GOOGLE JOINS ALLIANCE FOR AFFORDABLE INTERNET:

A4AI advocates for affordable Internet around the world at local, national, and international levels. We encourage governments, international institutions and other stakeholders to place smart, evidence-based ICT policy at the heart of their economic and development agendas. Our advocacy efforts are based around our commonly agreed policy and regulatory good practices and are underpinned by the findings of our case studies, annual Affordability Report, and other research products. We inform debates with our research, speak out regularly in person and in the media, and appeal directly to key decisionmakers.

http://a4ai.org/who-we-are/

“Google is teaming up with the World Wide Web Foundation, U.S. and U.K. government international development agencies, non-profits and a host of other tech companies to launch the Alliance For Affordable Internet, an organization with a simple but extremely ambitious goal: to reduce the cost of internet in poor regions of world to less than 5 percent of income.”

https://gigaom.com/2013/10/07/google-partners-with-international-development-agencies-to-make-internet-cheap/

GLOBAL EXCHANGE:

GLOBAL EXCHANGE

Global Exchange is an international human rights organization dedicated to promoting social, economic and environmental justice since 1988. We are a 501 c3 registered non-profit.

We’re changing the rules across the globe from a profit-centered global economy to thriving people-centered local economies; from the politics of greed to a living democracy that respects the rights of workers and nature; and from currency to community. Our holistic approach reaches thousands of members and supporters, through educating the U.S. public about root causes of injustice and the impacts of U.S. government policies and corporate practices. We inspire change by building people-to-people ties, engaging grassroots education for action and linking social and environmental movements.

http://www.globalexchange.org/

H&M Conscious Exclusive Collection:

 H&M Conscious Exclusive Collection

It's no secret that clothes, like all other consumer goods, has an impact on the environment, the people who make them and the communities where they're manufactured. H&M is a company that works to reduce the impact on the environment by, for example, recycling old clothes into new textile fibres and by using organic and other sustainably sourced materials. H&M also contributes to create jobs for hundreds of thousands of people in supplier factories around the globe. "We want people to come to H&M and find items that they can wear to express their personal style and who they are. When doing so, they should know that the workers are treated in a good and fair way," says H&M head of sustainability Anna Gedda. The Conscious Exclusive collection consists of 30 items and is made in materials ranging from recycled polyester and glass to tencel and organic silk. As a complement to the editorials, blog posts and Instagram photos showing you how to style it or telling the story about the inspiration behind the design – H&M Magazine can also show how (and by who) it is made.

http://www2.hm.com/en_gb/life/culture/conscious/meet-the-person-behind-the-garment.html

IMO FAIR FOR LIFE:

IMO FAIR FOR LIFE

The aim of the Fair for Life Social & Fair Trade Certification Programme is to ensure fair and positive relations between producers and their cooperatives or contracting companies, between workers and their employer, between sellers and buyers on the world market while at the same time ensuring performance of standards.

http://www.fairforlife.org/

INTERNATIONAL COFFEE PARTNERS:

INTERNATIONAL COFFEE PART

Our vision is to make smallholder coffee farmers competitive on the basis of sustainable practices in order to improve their livelihood. This vision goes beyond the implementation of individual development projects; ICP wants to contribute to the sustainable transformation of the coffee sector in regions and countries. Innovative regional programs in Trifinio (border triangle of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador), Uganda and Tanzania as well as Brazil demonstrate the significant benefits for producers and the entire supply chain, generate relevant experiences on developing farmer operations and provide valuable guidance for stakeholders and the coffee policy framework.

http://www.coffee-partners.org/about-us

LOFBERGS UK:

The name ‘Löfbergs’ is a guarantee that the coffee is responsibly grown, ethically traded and environmentally roasted to capture all the fantastic flavours that set us apart.

Since 1906, we’ve taken our responsibility for people and the environment very seriously, bringing you coffee with a conscience. We can say with great pride that we’re one of the world’s largest buyers of Fairtrade Organic coffee. Never ones to drag our heels, our goal is to have 100% of all our coffee certified by 2016.

http://www.lofbergs.co.uk/organic-coffee/

NESPRESSO AAA Sustainable Quality Program:

NESPRESSO AAA Sustainable Quality ProgramNESPRESSO AAA Sustainable Quality Program

Holistic approach to sustainable coffee farming

The Nespresso AAA Sustainable Quality™ Program was launched in 2003. It combines Nespresso coffee expertise and quality criteria with the sustainable farming expertise of the Rainforest Alliance, a leading non-profit conservation organisation.

The Nespresso AAA Sustainable Quality™ Program is our unique green coffee sourcing approach that combines a focus on quality, sustainability and productivity. It has helped to secure the supply of the highest quality coffees

http://www.nestle-nespresso.com/sustainability/the-positive-cup/coffee

https://www.nespresso.com/ecolaboration/us/en/article/2/3065/a-tribute-to-the-farmers-of-the-nespresso-aaa-sustainable-quality-153-program.html

OMANHENE:

OMANHENE

Omanhene has proven itself one of the most successful and creative joint ventures between the U.S. and Ghana. We have won accolades from United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, Shirley Temple (former ambassador to Ghana) and President Jimmy Carter. We produce value-added gourmet chocolate tailored specifically to export markets resulting in enhanced foreign exchange revenues for Ghana.

The sale of Omanhene chocolate results in higher revenues and consequently higher wages for both workers at the chocolate factory and for local cocoa farmers. Since cocoa is a commodity crop, farm incomes in Ghana are subject to world cocoa price fluctuations. Ghanaian cocoa farmers have previously been forced to abandon their farms when world cocoa prices stagnate.

http://www.omanhene.com/

People Tree:

People Tree 

In the past, ethical, Fair Trade, organic and sustainable were not words people thought of as fashionable. People Tree has transformed ethical fashion into something desirable, glamorous and luxurious. We design and produce high quality, fashionable products for women and men as well as collaborating with leading designers to produce unique collections. While many fashion brands talk about 'corporate social responsibility' or 'ethical fashion', we go further. We follow the principles ofFair Trade in every aspect of our business. All of our products are made by artisans and producers who work to Fair Trade standards. People Tree has been a pilot case for certification for Fair Trade Manufacture under the World Fair Trade Organisation and we were the world’s first clothing company to receive the World Fair Trade Organization Fair Trade product mark in 2013. Fair Trade makes a powerful difference. People Tree is helping to alleviate poverty in the world's most marginalised communities.

People Tree developed the first integrated supply chain for organic cotton from farm to final product and we were the first organisation anywhere to achieve GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) certification on a supply chain entirely in the developing world. We also work hard to ensure that we pioneer sustainable methods of production to minimise environmental impact. Not only is the majority of our cotton certified organic and Fairtrade, all our clothes are dyed using safe and azo-free dyes. We source as many products as we can locally, choosing natural and recycled products over synthetic and non-biodegradable materials. We ship as many of our products as we can by sea, instead of air, and weave fabric by hand, reducing our impact on global warming.

http://www.peopletree.co.uk/about-us

RAINFOREST ALLIANCE (Follow the Frog):

RAINFOREST ALLIANCE

The Rainforest Alliance works to conserve biodiversity and ensure sustainable livelihoods by transforming land-use practices, business practices and consumer behavior. At the heart of the Rainforest Alliance’s approach is the understanding that the health of the land is inextricably connected to the wellbeing of those who depend on it for their livelihoods. Their approach includes training and certification to promote healthy ecosystems and communities in some of the world’s most vulnerable ecosystems.

http://www.rainforest-alliance.org/

SINDYANNA:

SINDYANNA

SINDYANNA strives to proudly execute five pillar principles that are embedded in their culture and form the backbone of their values, mission and their business approach: Sindyanna of Galilee strongly believes that empowering Arab women leads to empowerment of the Arab society as a whole, because women are more inclined to invest most of their energies and earnings back into the health, nutrition and education of their families. They seek to provide opportunities for Arab women to develop their skills and access to factors of production, land, labor, credit, training, marketing facilities, and all publicly available services and benefits, so they can achieve personal growth and become agents of change in their communities. They support a program in which experienced artisan women teach other women traditional handcraft skills; then connect them with sales opportunities so they can turn these skills into income. Sindyanna of Galilee has been animating individuals and conscientious consumers to take a leap of faith and bridge the cultural divide between Jews and Arabs. A mission that began by serving as the “missing link” between the Arab farmer and the Israeli market, has evolved into deep friendships between Arabs and Jews working together in cooperation towards a mutual goal.

www.sindyanna.com

STELLA MCCARTNEY:

STELLA MCCARTNEY

A vegetarian company committed to operating a responsible, honest, and modern business. We understand that it is our responsibility to do what we can to become a more sustainable company. We are responsible for the resources that we use and the impact that we have. We take responsibility for operating a business and maintaining a supply chain the respects the planet as well as the people and animals on it. Honesty goes hand in hand with responsibility. We know that we are not perfect. We also know that sustainability isn’t just one thing, it isn’t just organic cotton – it’s organic cotton, plus wind energy, plus not using PVC, plus thousands of other little steps that eventually make a more responsible and environmentally conscious company. In many ways we are just beginning our journey towards becoming more sustainable, but we are dedicated to continuing our work towards being able to replace what we have taken from the environment. We will continue to consider the impact we have on the planet as we design clothing, open stores and manufacture our products. We will probably never be perfect, but you can rest assured that we are always trying. We think that being modern means considering the future, not just the future of design, but also the future of the planet. We are dedicated to helping change people’s perception of eco fashion. We think that sustainability can take the form of beautiful and modern clothing and accessories.

http://www.stellamccartney.com/experience/en/about-stella/

Toms Shoes (One for One):

Toms Shoes

“With every product you purchase, Toms will help a person in need”

Over the last eight years, we've identified five key ways that we're helping people and communities around the world to succeed:

1) We're helping create jobs by establishing manufacturing and sourcing in the countries where we give.

2) From TOMS Marketplace to Start Something That Matters, we're helping new social enterprises get their start from the ground up.

3) When TOMS Giving is incorporated into our Giving Partners' programs, we're contributing to an entire community's access to health, education and well-being.

4) Along our journey, we've built a Giving Team, supported eradication of diseases and launched cause-related products to support and raise money for organizations around the world.

5) Launching a new One for One give always starts with identifying a need.

http://www.toms.com/

TRADE AID:

TRADE AID

Trade Aid is a not for profit organisation made up of several parts reflecting the work we do as a retailer, importer, wholesaler and development agency. All of these parts form what we call the Trade Aid Movement.

  • Retailers - We operate a series of shops stretching the length and breadth of New Zealand, as well as a central warehouse where imported goods from developing countries are delivered, sorted, quality checked and despatched.
  • Education and justice - Along with our trading activities, we carry out education and advocacy work on fair trade, and speak out for greater justice in world trade.
  • Volunteer based - Over 800 volunteers are actively involved in all parts of the Movement, working in the shops, on shop trusts and committees, at the warehouse and in education outreach.
  • Development work - We have a strategic partnership with the New Zealand Aid Programme of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and receive funding for some of our activities. Together we work to realise the enormous benefits that trade can have in reducing poverty and promoting development.
  • An authentic voice of fair trade - Trade Aid are pioneers in fair trade in New Zealand. We are members of the World Fair Trade Organisation (WFTO), an international body of organisations who are 100% committed to fair trade. It is the only global network whose members represent the fair trade chain from production to sale. It is the global authority on fair trade, not because we say so, but because the members make it so.

https://www.tradeaid.org.nz/index.php/page/39/label/About+Us

URBAN ZEN FOUNDATION:

URBAN ZEN FOUNDATIONURBAN ZEN FOUNDATION

The Urban Zen Foundation creates, connects and collaborates to raise awareness and inspire change in the areas of preservation of culture, well-being, and education.

PRESERVING CULTURES

Programs such as the Haiti Artisan Project and D.O.T promote economic development for artisan communities through education and job creation.

WELL-BEING

The mission of the Urban Zen Integrative Therapy Program is to change the current healthcare paradigm by caring for the patient.

EMPOWERING CHILDREN

Our mission is to care for our children’s well-being and give them the tools to face obstacles and opportunities with love, compassion & strength.

https://www.urbanzen.com/pages/urban-zen-foundation

WFTO:

WFTO

The World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO) is a global network of organisations representing the Fair Trade supply chain. Membership in WFTO provides Fair Trade organisations with credibility and identity by way of an international guarantee system, a place of learning where members connect with like-minded people from around the world, tools and training to increase market access, and a common voice that speaks out for Fair Trade and trade justice - and is heard. WFTO is the home of fair traders: producers, marketers, exporters, importers, wholesalers and retailers that demonstrate 100% commitment to Fair Trade and apply the 10 WFTO Principles of Fair Trade to their supply chain. The works and achievements of its members make WFTO a global authority on Fair Trade and a guardian of Fair Trade values and principles. WFTO’s route to equity in trade is through the integrated supply chain. Practices used across the supply chain are checked against the WFTO Fair Trade Standard, a set of compliance criteria based on the 10 Fair Trade Principles and on International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions. The WFTO operates in over 70 countries across 5 regions (Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and North America and the Pacific Rim) with elected global and regional boards.

http://www.wfto.com/about-us/about-wfto

WIEGO:

WIEGO

WIEGO seeks to increase the voice, visibility and validity of the working poor, especially women.

  • Increased Voice – WIEGO works to support and strengthen organizations of the working poor and to link organizations together. We also help them gain representation in the policy making and rule-setting bodies that affect their work and lives.
  • Increased Visibility– WIEGO undertakes and sponsors research and helps to develop and improve official statistics on informal employment and the informal economy. We produce apublication series and maintain a web resource on the informal economy.
  • Increased Validity– WIEGO promotes the mainstream recognition of informal workers as legitimate economic agents who contribute to the overall economy and are legitimate beneficiaries of economic and social policies. We also advance the incorporation of informal workers into policymaking and rule-setting processes.

http://wiego.org/

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While international development deals with the fortification of the independent capabilities of regions and countries to promote an increase in the populations quality of life in a sustainable manner, humanitarian aid is an activity intended to solve a specific need dealing with the population’s basic conditions of life, without the attempt to bring about the population’s economic-social independence. We usually see the provision of food as humanitarian aid while the provision of fishing rods, tractors or technological knowledge is grasped as development work. In many cases there’s a need for the provision of humanitarian assistance in times of emergency as a result of wars or natural disasters, when the population lacks basic conditions such as food, water, clothes, shelter, etc.
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The conversation about development in the first years emerged from a consideration of the welfare approach, which related to development as a “public product” along the lines of education or health, services that must be supplied to all those being served by the State or any other entity (such as nonprofit organizations).  The majority of the activities and funds that have been invested in the field of development were focused on supplying various welfare products, out of a belief that this supply would reduce poverty and promote development.  However, the welfare approach ignored political economic relationships among various entities, as well as local conditions preventing the ability of local players to take advantage of the assistance that had been given to them.

The “rights approach” of development brings a relationship to human rights into the consideration and implementation of development. In essence, this approach relates to service recipients in the same way as to team members participating on the playing field, who have the right to the fruits of the development.  The main point of field work, according to this approach, is accomplished through reinforcing populations, in order to make them capable of requesting development and taking advantage of the assistance given to them, on the one hand, and through strengthening the various government bodies, on the other hand, in order to enable them to identify the needs of the population and satisfy those needs, which also seem like rights.  In this way, an emphasis is placed on the obligation of the State to supply appropriate services and to strengthen the local population and transform it into being self – sufficient.

The sustainability approach or self – sustaining development began to develop in the 1970s, and received a significant impetus with the publication of the Brundtland Report by the UN in 1987. With the accumulation of testimonies regarding the influence of industrialization and modernization on natural resources, support for sustainable development grew, which relates to the needs of present and future generations in an egalitarian manner, and demands that the environmental influences of economic growth be taken into consideration in the planning process. The innovation of this approach is the fact that it relates to development in all the countries of the world, and not only in developing countries.  Nevertheless, the demand for sustainable development in developing countries is limited, in that development of this kind necessitates wider economic investment in long term processes, which developing countries, on principle, request that they not be required to do.

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THE WORK OF ASSISTANCE

Development work promotes international and inter-organizational connections and collaborations, from an understanding that regions and countries under conditions of poverty, or a relatively low level of development, can benefit from international assistance or collaboration.  International assistance work was established with the founding of the Bretton Woods organizations after World War II, among them the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, which were established in order to aid various countries to regain their strength after the war.  During the 1980s, when many developing countries found themselves in difficulties with a budgetary deficit, these organizations began to supply them with credit under alternative terms, which mainly included changes in the management of the country that were meant to lead to development.  These included the liberalization of markets and the promotion of openness, transparency and privatization.  While some of the countries managed to gain strength following this assistance, most of them, especially the African countries, did not succeed in leveraging this international aid into long term development.  Included among the additional international companies were aid organizations of the UN (the Development Program, the Environment Program, the World Health Organization, etc.) as well as additional international banks, such as the African Development Bank and the Asian Development Bank.

THE SECRET IS COOPERATION

In addition to the international development entities, many of the developed countries operate a government branch of international development and cooperation, similar to the Israeli MASHAV (the Center for International Cooperation), whose role it is to assist development in the world in a variety of activities and fields  — each country’s branch according to their policy and resources.  MASHAV, for example, works mainly on training decision makers from developing countries and developing projects in the many areas in which Israel has knowledge and ability, such as agriculture, water, gender, education and regional development.  Not only public bodies are active in the area of development; many private entities, profit making and non-profit, are involved as well.  Some of them operate from their bases in developed countries and some within the developing countries themselves.

Historically, “aid” mainly meant the transfer of funds and credit to the governments of developing countries. Since the end of the 1990s, the transfer of funds to the local level has been increasing, to local authorities, non-governmental organizations, communities or to the individuals themselves (as in the case of micro financing organizations).  In addition, many of the funds are given to specific projects and not to general budgets.  The reason for this is that dozens of years of donations and assistance to government budgets did not succeed in bringing about significant and long term improvement.  In recent years, an emphasis has been placed on funding sustainable projects that can sustain themselves over time, even after outside funding ends.

WHAT ELSE?

In addition to financial assistance, developed countries and various other bodies also supply equipment, food, knowledge and experts and are very involved in strengthening the organizational and institutional systems of local workers in the field of development, out of a desire to increase the independence of the local population and decrease its dependence on international aid.

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Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, environmental, social and demographic components.  The purpose of development is a rise in the level and quality of life of the population, and the creation or expansion of local regional income and employment opportunities, without damaging the resources of the environment.  Development is visible and useful, not necessarily immediately, and includes an aspect of quality change and the creation of conditions for a continuation of that change.

The international agenda began to focus on development beginning in the second half of the twentieth century.  An understanding developed that economic growth did not necessarily lead to a rise in the level and quality of life for populations all over the world;  there was a need to place an emphasis on specific policies that would channel resources and enable social and economic mobility for various layers of the population.

Through the years, professionals and various researchers developed a number of definitions and emphases for the term “development.” Amartya Sen, for example, developed the “capability approach,” which defined development as a tool enabling people to reach the highest level of their ability, through granting freedom of action, i.e., freedom of economic, social and family actions, etc.  This approach became a basis for the measurement of development by the HDI (Human Development Index), which was developed by the UN Development Program (UNDP) in 1990.  Martha Nussbaum developed the abilities approach in the field of gender and emphasized the empowerment of women as a development tool.

In contrast, professionals like Jeffrey Sachs and Paul Collier focused on mechanisms that prevent or oppress development in various countries, and cause them to linger in abject poverty for dozens of years.  These are the various poverty traps, including civil wars, natural resources and poverty itself.  The identification of these traps enables relating to political – economic – social conditions in a country in an attempt to advance development.  One of the emphases in the work of Jeffrey Sacks is the promotion of sustainable development, which believes in growth and development in order to raise the standard of living for citizens of the world today, through relating to the needs of environmental resources and the coming generations of the citizens of the world.

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